KNOWLEDGE
FACTORY TRAINED OTJ EXPERIENCE ENGINEERING SUPPORT

Filter Cartridge Maximum Recommended Flow Rates

Filter Cartridge Flow Curves

Each filter cartridge specification
and pricing page has one or more flow rate graphs at the bottom of
the webpage. These charts are also on the second page of the
corresponding datasheet. Below is a copy of the chart from the
LOFTREX-C specification/pricing page.

Seven
retention sizes are listed and you can see how the differential
pressure increases as the flow rate increases.

Example. The 1 micron cartridge
will have a 2 PSI differential at a 10 GPM flow rate; at 15 GPM the
differential pressure increases to 3 PSI.

Notice that an increase in flow rate of 50%
(from 10 to 15 GPM) corresponds to an increase in differential
pressure of 50%.

This differential pressure (ΔPSI) is
based upon the initial "clean state"; as particles become trapped
within the filter cartridge, the open area available decreases and
therefore the corresponding differential increases exponentially.

Testing is performed in a laboratory with
ambient water and with a 10" cartridge; so if you have a 20"
cartridge, the differential pressure values would be half of what is
shown in the graph; OR to state it another way, a 20" cartridge has
the capacity double the 10" size for a given differential
pressure.

Example. A 20" 1 micron LOFTREX-C
cartridge would have a clean differential pressure of 2 PSI for
20 GPM OR only 1 PSI for 10 GPM.

The
"clogging curve" illustrates the exponential increase in
differential pressure as the media becomes clogged. This is a
reflection of the "increase in efficiency" related to the clogging
of open area and ability of retaining finer particles.

In practice this means that, assuming a
consistent particle size and volume, the amount of time required to
become 75% clogged is only 1/2 the time required for the initial 50%
clogging. Stated another way, once you reach 50% clogged, the
clogging rate doubles.

Besides the physical cost of replacement
filter cartridges, you should consider the frequency of replacement
with regards to labor costs, down time and annual disposal costs.
Then consider using a more expensive cartridge which will provide
you with higher particle loading capacity, thus reducing the
frequency of change outs and your disposal costs. Usually the more
expensive "engineered" cartridges end-up being a more cost effective
product than the less expensive versions that are replaced more
frequently; it's just a little harder to quantify.